Famous temple of Lord shiva around the world

Mukteswara Temple in Orissa
This 10th century temple constructed inside the yr of Advert 950, is an essential transition point, in between the early along with the later phases with the Kalinga school of temple architecture. The sculptural decoration with the Mukteswara is exquisitely executed, and it truly is generally referred to because the "gem of Oriya architecture". Richly sculpted, the temple provides satisfaction of place to tales from your Panchatantra. The arched gateway is especially fine. It also shows outstanding combinations of Hindu and Buddhist and Jain features, which find a typical voice in a lot of Orissan temple craft. The highlight in the temple, will be the magnificent torana - the decorative gateway, an arched masterpiece, reminiscent of Buddhist influence in Orissa.. The sculptured gateway, the jagamohana with diamond formed latticed windows and adorned interiors plus the plethora of sculptural do the job all deserve point out on this temple dedicated to Shiva Even though it can be only a tiny monument growing to a top of 35 feet.

Mukteswara temple devoted to Lord Shiva, Mukteswara, is carved with statistics of ascetics in numerous poses of meditation. Actually every inch of its surface is carved. This temple has also been described being a dream realized in sandstone and it's a monument wherever it really is said sculpture and structure are in complete harmony with a single an additional.

History
Mukteswar's most distinctive attribute is the arched gateway also known as "Torana" dated about 900 A.D. The Torana reveals the affect of Buddhist structure. This thick pillared, arched gateway is beautifully carved with strings of beads along with other beautiful ornaments with statues of smiling girls in languorous postures. Within the garden stands the Kedareswar Temple, that has a striking eight feet statue of Ram Bhakt Hanuman (the monkey God)! With its small dimension (ten.5m height) and reddish colored stone masonry it really is a wonderful synthesis of the old and new designs from the Kalinga School. That has a totally created pancharatha for your major sanctuary plus a square planned jagmohana (porch or entrance) and an embryonic pidha superstructure within the shape of a stepped pyramid, just about every inch of your exterior has dainty and distinct carvings, this kind of as the clear cut lacings of your Chaitya windows. The rounded edges of your pagas (segments) give the temple a mollifying appear. Both the temple along with the porch stand using a reduced plinth surrounded by a very low wall with offset projections and sculptured exterior going through west. The porch is exceptional with the sculptural treatment of the interior — a rare feature in Orissa Temples.

The sculptural decoration with the Mukteswara is exquisitely executed. The gorgeous sculptures eloquently speak from the sense of proportion and point of view with the sculptor and their unique capability inside the exact depiction of your minutest objects. The builders of Mukteswara Temple released new architectural designs, new artwork motifs and new conceptions about the icnography of the cult pictures. You will find a quantity of depictions of skeletal ascetics among the sculptural photographs, most of them shown in teaching or meditation poses, which appears suitable because the identify Mukteswara indicates "Lord who provides flexibility through Yoga". The sculptures within the ceiling of your jagamohan are also an entirely different creation. This 10th century temple has some of the most ornate carvings and renditions with the Panchatantra tales. Sculptures might be located of elephants, monkeys, lions, along with other creatures. Surrounding the windows from the Jagmohana are monkeys engaged in a range of humorous and lively scenes depicting well-known tales from Panchatantra. The sophisticated architectural model holds a magnetic appeal that lies in its indigenous glory. Orissa temples like others in India aren't simply abodes of deities but a Shraddhanjali (offering) to the most sacred. They are characterised by beautiful, ornamentally carved Gods and Goddesses, kings and queens, animals and flower motifs. Orissa is most likely the only Condition in which 1 can study temple architecture in all its successive stages of development. This beautifully embellished, elaborately carved temple is not far within the Parsurameswar temple. It really is 1 of the smallest temples along with the compactness with the temple can be very hanging. The tank in the compound is nevertheless used by the priest and the devotees. It is believed that tossing cash inside very well will cure a girls suffering from infertility. Around the door frame a person can see the carvings with the local saint, Lakulisa. Its earthy red sandstone human body is encrusted with intricate carvings, depicting starved lean searching Sadhus (holy males) to voluptuous, become ladies bedecked with jewels.

Concerning the Deity
The 'torana' (arched gateway) in the Mukteswara deserves unique interest. Its extraordinarily gorgeous sculpture consists of elaborate scrolls, graceful feminine statistics, monkeys, peacocks, and also a wealth of delicate and attractive decorative detail. Around the eastern aspect of your temple compound is often a sacred tank, and inside south west corner is actually a nicely which can be mentioned to cure fertility issues. Numerous modest shrines will likely be observed in the compound, several with lingam within. These had been offering shrines depicting utmost faith in God for all purposes in the course of that era. On the outer deal with from the compound wall are niches containing a wide variety of divinities. These contain Saraswati (sitting down with a lotus with two feminine attendants by her aspect), Ganesa (with his attendant mouse), and Lakulisha (the fifth century founder of the Pashupata sect of tantric Shaivism), who is portrayed sitting down cross-legged, with two miniature ascetic figures in the triangular side panels. The fact that these wall niches incorporate Buddhist and Jain photographs too as Shaivite (Hindu) ones attests once again for the synthesis which was so much a component of Orissan religious existence.

Places of Interest
Rajarani Temple: By no means completed, the 12th century Rajarani Temple still ranks among the finest of Bhubaneshwar's later temples.
Bindu Sagar: An crucial landmark in the Old City, the Bindu Sagar (Ocean Drop Tank) is to be discovered just north of your Lingaraj Temple.
Orissa Condition Museum: A mini-Orissa with artifacts, sculptures, cash, textiles, standard instruments, manuscripts and much more which supply the visitor with a thorough perception into Oriyan culture.
Parsurameswar Temple:  This is the best-preserved, and therefore also one of the most gorgeous, of Bhubaneshwar's early temples.
Tribal Museum: This museum supplies an insight in to the tribal tradition of Orissa.
Handicrafts museum: It really is situated on Secretariat Street and has a vast range of handicrafts assortment.

Main Attraction
Great location to shop for woven Ikat cloth, applique function, silver iligree jwellery, stone carvings and patta chitra paintings. The Ashokaashtami procession is in Mar/April, Bali Yatra, a honest is held in Oct/Nov

Nellaiappar Temple in Tamil nadu

Nellaiappar Temple is one of the famous Shiva Temples situated in the heart of Tirunelveli City, Tamil Nadu, India. One of the famous temples in Tamil Nadu steeped in tradition and history and also known for its musical pillars and other brilliant sculptural splendours, this is one of the largest temples in South India. This temple houses a shrine to Shiva and Parvati dating back in time. Shiva is said to have been worshipped by Agastya in a bamboo grove and by Rama after having killed Mareecha some nine miles away at Manoor. There is also a shrine to Vishnu near the sanctum, signifying the belief that Nellai Govindan (Vishnu) visited Tirunelveli to officiate the divine marriage of Shiva and Kantimathi. There are several other legends associated with this temple.

History
The temple dates back to 700 AD and has been sung by the Saivite saint Tirugnana sambandar. Supposedly there were two distinct temples for Shiva and his consort both built by the Pandyan kings and the Sangili Mandapam linking these two were built in the 17th centuries. The towers also date back to early 17th century. There are inscriptions dating all the way back to 950 AD in the temple.

Architecture
Vast in area, this temple never ceases to surprise visitors for the wealth of detail it has to offer. The musical pillars in the Mani Mandapam which produce sound in various pitches when struck (7th century AD by Nindrasir Nedumaran or Koon Pandyan), the Somavara Mandapam, the 1000 pillared hall, and the Tamra sabha with intricate wood work, and the Vasantha Mandapam are some of the noteworthy points in this temple. Lifelike sculptures adorn several of the Mandapams in the temple, noteworthy ones being in the Sangili Mandapam which links the temples of Nellaiappar and Kantimathi in this vast temple complex.

Tamra Sabhai
The Copper Hall of Dance is a brilliant work of art, and is housed within the inner precincts of the temple. On the occasion of Arudra Darisanam (occurring in the Tamil month of Margazhi - Dec 15 - Jan 15), the images of Nataraja and Sivakami are housed here, and elaborate worship protocols are observed during the enactment of the Cosmic Dance of Shiva. A shrine to Sandana Sabhapati (adorned with sandal paste) is located right behind the Tamra Sabha and to a visitor walking towards the Tamra Sabha, the combination of these, i.e. the vision of Sandana Sabhapati seen through the Tamra Sabha presents a brilliant spectacle. There is yet another shrine to Nataraja here, the Periya Sabhapati shrine. Religious services are carried out here on special occasions, and this festival idol is never moved from this shrine.

Festivals
Navaratri, Tirukkalyanam in Aippasi, (Oct 15 - Nov 15) and Arudra Darisanam are some of the important festivals here. Arudra Darisanam attracts huge crowds here. The temple chariot is a massive one, second supposedly only to Tiruvarur. The Bhrammotsavam here lasts for an extended period of time during the Tamil month of Aani (June 15 - July 15). Also, a Golden Temple car (First Inaugural run of Nellaiappar Temple Golden Car is November 2, 2009) will run during important festivals like Thirukalyanam, Kaarthigai, Aaruthra Festival etc. During Thaipoosam festival in thai, Lord Shiva and Parvathy are taken to the banks of Thamirabarani river in Tirunelveli junction called "Thaipoosa mandapam". Special rituals are undertaken there and the Lord return to the temple at night.

Tourism
Near Tirunelveli, are the nine Vaishnavite temples dedicated to Vishnu (the Alwar Nava Tiruppatis), the Krishnapuram Venkatachalapati temple with its brilliant sculptural work, Tiruchendur with its grand and imposing temple dedicated to Subramanya, and Kutralam a popular tourist resort with its charming waterfalls and abundant natural beauty. The region between Tirunelveli and Kutralam abounds in natural splendour. Mention must be made of Tenkasi, Papanasam and Ambasamudram. Further, Kanyakumari the Southernmost tip of India is only a couple of hours away from Tirunelveli.

 
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